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Medical and Research Library News - June 2022

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Training opportunities
Websites and reports on trending topics
Journal articles of note     

June 2022  

Training opportunities

Note: The following webinars and online classes are not affiliated with DSHS or the DSHS Library. They are presented here as opportunities to learn more information of interest to public health personnel. All times listed are in Central Daylight Time.

June 7, 2022; 11 a.m-12 p.m.  Enhancing Access to Pediatric Behavioral Health Amidst Shortages. This webinar from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) will highlight leading New England programs enhancing the mental health and well-being of pregnant and postpartum women and, thereby, their infant’s social and emotional development, through culturally appropriate treatment and recovery support services. The session will also describe strategies to enhance access to pediatric behavioral health by building frontline provider competency and provider training supports. Register here.

June 8, 2022; 10-11 a.m. The Role of Indoor Environmental Hazards on the Health of Children. There is a direct relationship between our environments and our health. Our knowledge about the role of indoor exposures and human health has grown exponentially in the past 50 years. Children, because of their developmental status, are uniquely susceptible to certain chemical exposures, many of which are anthropogenic. This presentation from the Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) will provide a case example of a multidisciplinary approach designed to explore, identify, and address some of these exposures, particularly the ones known to have adverse health effects to improve child health in the Kansas City Metro Area. Register here

June 14, 2022; 12-2 p.m. Film Premiere and Webinar: In Times of Crisis - Stories from the Gulf of Mexico. The Gulf of Mexico is a region that has faced numerous crises in the last fifteen years. Acute disasters – such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in 2010, and COVID-19 plus a record-breaking five-hurricane season in 2020 – as well as longer-term and compounding disasters – the climate crisis and rising sea levels, the opioid epidemic, increasing health disparities, and more – pose grave threats to the region. This event from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will feature three short films followed by a discussion of how academic experts are working with communities in the Gulf of Mexico region to prepare for and recover from various crises. Register here

June 15, 2022; 11 a.m-12 p.m. Exploring Single-Cell Multiomics in Development and Aging. Epigenetic information is relatively stable in somatic cells but is reprogrammed on a genome-wide scale in germ cells and early embryos. Reprogramming is essential for imprinting, for the return to naïve pluripotency, for the erasure of epimutations, and for the control of transposons. Following reprogramming, epigenetic marking occurs prior to and during lineage commitment in the embryo. The epigenome also changes in a potentially programmed fashion during the ageing process, like an epigenetic ageing clock, seems to be conserved in mammals. This webinar from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) will address the mechanisms and consequences of global epigenetic reprogramming in the germ line and at zygotic genome activation. Register here

June 16, 2022; 1-2 p.m. Building Community Resilience through Maternal Child Health and Emergency Preparedness Collaboration: Opportunities and Lessons Learned. Local health departments (LHDs) play critical roles in responding to public health threats across the country. Despite the number of public health threats that impact pregnant people and infants, there are rarely efforts to increase collaboration among maternal and child health (MCH) and emergency preparedness and response (EPR) departments within LHDs. Join the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) to hear from 4 LHDs who will discuss their efforts to prioritize MCH populations in emergencies, lessons learned, and partnership opportunities. Register here

Websites and reports on trending topics

ASABE Technical Library - The American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) is a professional and technical organization dedicated to the advancement of engineering applicable to agricultural, food, and biological systems. Their online library provides online access to ASABE standards, meeting and conference papers, textbooks, and monographs. 

FastStats A to Z - This site from the National Center for Health Statistics at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (NCHS) provides quick access to statistics on topics of public health importance and is organized alphabetically. Links are provided to publications that include the statistics presented, to sources of more data, and to related web pages. 

Hospital Cost Tool - This resource from the National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP) provides anyone from policymakers to researchers with insights into how much hospitals spend on patient care services. The tool also shows how those costs relate to both the hospital charges (list prices) and the actual prices paid by health plans. 

State of Babies Yearbook 2022 – From ZERO TO THREE, the 2022 edition of the State of the Babies Yearbook is a national and state resource that tells the story of America’s babies. This resource bridges the gap between science and policy with national and state-by-state views of how America’s babies and their families are faring. 

Journal articles of note

Gili JA, López-Camelo JS, Nembhard WN, et al. Analysis of early neonatal case fatality rate among newborns with congenital hydrocephalus, a 2000-2014 multi-country registry-based study [published online ahead of print, 2022 May 28]. Birth Defects Res. 2022; doi:10.1002/bdr2.2045
Background: Congenital hydrocephalus (CH) comprises a heterogeneous group of birth anomalies with a wide-ranging prevalence across geographic regions and registry type. The aim of the present study was to analyze the early neonatal case fatality rate (CFR) and total birth prevalence of newborns diagnosed with CH.
Methods: Data were provided by 25 registries from four continents participating in the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research (ICBDSR) on births ascertained between 2000 and 2014. Two CH rates were calculated using a Poisson distribution: early neonatal CFR (death within 7 days) per 100 liveborn CH cases (CFR) and total birth prevalence rate (BPR) per 10,000 births (including live births and stillbirths) (BPR). Heterogeneity between registries was calculated using a meta-analysis approach with random effects. Temporal trends in CFR and BPR within registries were evaluated through Poisson regression modeling.
Results: A total of 13,112 CH cases among 19,293,280 total births were analyzed. The early neonatal CFR was 5.9 per 100 liveborn cases, 95% confidence interval (CI): 5.4-6.8. The CFR among syndromic cases was 2.7 times (95% CI: 2.2-3.3) higher than among non-syndromic cases (10.4% [95% CI: 9.3-11.7] and 4.4% [95% CI: 3.7-5.2], respectively). The total BPR was 6.8 per 10,000 births (95% CI: 6.7-6.9). Stratified by elective termination of pregnancy for fetal anomalies (ETOPFA), region and system, higher CFR were observed alongside higher BPR rates. The early neonatal CFR and total BPR did not show temporal variation, with the exception of a CFR decrease in one registry.
Conclusions: Findings of early neonatal CFR and total BPR were highly heterogeneous among registries participating in ICBDSR. Most registries with higher CFR also had higher BPR. Differences were attributable to type of registry (hospital-based vs. population-based), ETOPFA (allowed yes or no) and geographical regions. These findings contribute to the understanding of regional differences of CH occurrence and early neonatal deaths.

Hughes AE, Medford RJ, Perl TM, Basit MA, Kapinos KA. District-level universal masking policies and COVID-19 incidence during the first 8 weeks of school in Texas. Am J Public Health. 2022;112(6):871-875. doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2022.306769
Texas discontinued state-sponsored business restrictions and mask mandates on March 10, 2021, and mandated that no government officials, including public school officials, may implement mask requirements even in areas where COVID-19 hospitalizations comprised more than 15% of hospitalizations. Nonetheless, some public school districts began the 2021-2022 school year with mask mandates in place. We used quasi-experimental methods to analyze the impact of school mask mandates, which appear to have resulted in approximately 40 fewer student cases per week in the first eight weeks of school.

Singh S, Caggana M, Johnson C, et al. COVID-19 pandemic-related impacts on newborn screening public health surveillance. Int J Neonatal Screen. 2022;8(2):28. doi.org/10.3390/ijns8020028
Newborn screening (NBS) is an essential public health service that performs screening to identify those newborns at increased risk for a panel of disorders, most of which are genetic. The goal of screening is to link those newborns at the highest risk to timely intervention and potentially life-saving treatment. The global COVID-19 pandemic led to disruptions within the United States public health system, revealing implications for the continuity of newborn screening laboratories and follow-up operations. The impacts of COVID-19 across different states at various time points meant that NBS programs impacted by the pandemic later could benefit from the immediate experiences of the earlier impacted programs. This article will review the collection, analysis, and dissemination of information during the COVID-19 pandemic facilitated by a national, centralized technical assistance and resource center for NBS programs.

Swartz MD, DeSantis SM, Yaseen A, et al. Antibody duration after infection from SARS-CoV-2 in the Texas Coronavirus Antibody Response Survey [published online ahead of print, 2022 May 6]. J Infect Dis. 2022;jiac167. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiac167
Understanding the duration of antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 is important to controlling the current pandemic. Participants from the Texas Coronavirus Antibody REsponse Survey (Texas CARES) with at least one nucleocapsid protein antibody test were selected for a longitudinal analysis of antibody duration. A linear mixed model was fit to data from participants (n= 4,553) with one to three antibody tests over 11 months (10/1/2020-9/16/2021), and models fit showed that expected antibody response after COVID-19 infection robustly increases for 100 days post-infection, and predicts individuals may remain antibody positive from natural infection beyond 500 days, depending on age, body mass index, smoking or vaping use, and disease severity (hospitalized or not; symptomatic or not).

For more information, employees may email the Medical and Research Library at library@dshs.texas.gov or call 512-776-7559 to receive other research assistance, learn how to access electronic materials, or to obtain the full-text of articles mentioned in this month's news.

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Last updated August 11, 2022