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Medical and Research Library News - March 2020

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Training opportunities
Websites and reports on trending topics*
Journal articles of note*  

March 2020 

mrl-diamondTraining opportunities

Note: The following webinars and online classes are not affiliated with DSHS or the DSHS Library. They are presented here as opportunities to learn more information of interest to public health personnel. All times listed are in Central Daylight Time.

March 5, 2020; 12:30–2 p.m. Highly Pathogenic Infectious Disease Training and Exercise Resources Webinar. The National Ebola Training and Education Center (NETEC) and ASPR’s Technical Resources, Assistance Center, and Information Exchange (ASPR TRACIE) are partnering on a series of webinars featuring NETEC’s suite of free, fully customizable, Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP)-compliant exercise materials, trainings, and other resources. For this next joint webinar, speakers will highlight three new resources and focus on their lessons learned from Ebola Virus Disease/Viral Hemorrhagic Fever (EVD/VHF) exercises and tools. https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/6044772285384190475

March 10, 2020; 1–2 p.m. Addressing Mental Health through Cross-Sector Collaboration. In this webinar hosted by the University of Florida Center for Arts in Medicine, the focus is how to address mental health, and while there are no quick or simple solutions for eliminating mental illnesses such as depression or substance abuse, those working at the intersections of community, arts and culture, health, and social change offer models of innovative, collaborative work that provides a trajectory for continued and increased investment, exploration, and development by and with the field of public health. https://ufl.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0DSC89Nfa7U3fFz

March 10, 2020; 2:30–4:30 p.m. Caring for Patients with Chronic Pain: Perspectives from Clinicians. The National Academy of Medicine’s Action Collaborative on Countering the U.S. Opioid Epidemic will present a webinar focused on the experiences of clinicians who actively treat and manage chronic pain. This session will feature a guided discussion with a diverse panel of clinicians. The session aims to capture their experiences and perspectives caring for patients within the context of the health system, better understand the spectrum and diversity of chronic pain care, and identify key information needed to address existing practice and system-level gaps in chronic pain management. https://nam.edu/event/caring-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-perspectives-from-clinicians-who-treat-and-manage-pain/

March 11, 2020; 1–2 p.m. Safe Spaces: Building a Culture of Trauma-Informed Care for Staff. This webinar from the National Nurse-Led Care Consortium, will help providers better understand trauma-informed care and its implication in the workplace. Speakers will describe strategies for creating and sustaining a trauma-informed culture for health center staff. Learn about the ways in which trauma-informed care impacts staff satisfaction, retention, and performance, and define and describe the effects of vicarious trauma on staff well-being. https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_JEWUNj-PQY64BCAruT01mg

March 19, 2020; 2–3 p.m. What the Eyes Don’t See: A Story of Crisis, Resistance, and Hope in an American City. In this videocast, Mona Hanna-Attisha, M.D., M.P.H., the pediatrician and scientist who exposed the lead water crisis in Flint, Michigan, will present a first-hand account of her research efforts to discover the truth and her fight for justice in the national spotlight. Hosted by the National Institute of Mental Health. https://videocast.nih.gov/summary.asp?live=35984&bhcp=1

NOTE: The book, What the eyes don't see: a story of crisis, resistance, and hope in an American city, is available in the DSHS library. 

March 25, 2020; 2:30–3:30 p.m. Make Your Mark on Food Insecurity. Hosted by the National Resource Center on Nutrition and Aging (NRCNA), this webinar will focus on understanding and addressing food insecurity, and attendees will learn how to identify food insecurity, collaborate with community partners to address it, and secure the funding needed to support this important work. https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/8308572170612103181

mrl-diamondWebsites and reports on trending topics*

AJPH Supplement 1, 2020: Documenting and Addressing the Health Impacts of Carceral Systems - This supplement issue from the American Journal of Public Health examines the public health concerns surrounding mass incarceration, with research and perspectives on improving health outcomes for justice-involved populations, psychological distress in solitary confinement, the links between mass incarceration and climate change, the public health implications of criminal justice reform, and more. https://lnks.gd/l/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJlbWFpbCI6ImFubmUudGFycGV5QGRzaHMudGV4YXMuZ292IiwiYnVsbGV0a

Precarious Work Schedules and Population Health - Unstable and unpredictable work schedules are associated with poor health outcomes in adults, complexity and informality in childcare arrangements, and behavioral problems in young children. This brief from Health Affairs synthesizes research findings to connect the dots between precarious work schedules and health and identifies the gaps that remain to be filled. https://lnks.gd/l/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJlbWFpbCI6ImFubmUudGFycGV5QGRzaHMudGV4YXMuZ292IiwiYnVsbGV0a


Public Health Grand Rounds YouTube Archive - The Public Health Grand Rounds is a monthly series created to further strengthen CDC's common scientific culture and foster discussion and debate on major public health issues. Each session of the Public Health Grand Rounds focuses on key issues and challenges related to a specific health topic, including cutting-edge scientific evidence and potential impact of different interventions. From the National Center for Health Statistics at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(NCHS). https://www.cdc.gov/cdcgrandrounds/

Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults: Opportunities for the Health Care System - This report from the National Academy of Sciences identifies and recommends opportunities for clinical health care providers to help reduce the incidence and adverse health impacts of social isolation and loneliness and to examine ways to disseminate this information to health care practitioners. https://lnks.gd/l/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJlbWFpbCI6ImFubmUudGFycGV5QGRzaHMudGV4YXMuZ292IiwiYnVsbGV0a

Status of Health Equity Report - This report examines both the progress - and the gaps - in addressing the health disparities and socioeconomic factors influencing individual and community health and well-being. It identifies actionable strategies that can be implemented by organizations and communities across the country and provides examples of the extraordinary work being undertaken nationally, regionally, and locally in an effort to address the root causes that affect health and well-being. https://lnks.gd/l/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJlbWFpbCI6ImFubmUudGFycGV5QGRzaHMudGV4YXMu

mrl-diamondJournal articles of note*

Dawood FS, Chung JR, Kim SS, et al. Interim estimates of 2019-20 seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness - United States, February 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Feb 21;69(7):177-182. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6907a1.
During the 2019-20 influenza season, influenza-like illness (ILI)* activity first exceeded the national baseline during the week ending November 9, 2019, signaling the earliest start to the influenza season since the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. Activity remains elevated as of mid-February 2020. In the United States, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months (1). During each influenza season, CDC estimates seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness in preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza associated with medically attended acute respiratory illness (ARI). This interim report used data from 4,112 children and adults enrolled in the U.S. Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network (U.S. Flu VE Network) during October 23, 2019-January 25, 2020. Overall, vaccine effectiveness (VE) against any influenza virus associated with medically attended ARI was 45% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 36%-53%). VE was estimated to be 50% (95% CI = 39%-59%) against influenza B/Victoria viruses and 37% (95% CI = 19%-52%) against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, indicating that vaccine has significantly reduced medical visits associated with influenza so far this season. Notably, vaccination provided substantial protection (VE = 55%; 95% CI = 42%-65%) among children and adolescents aged 6 months - 17 years. Interim VE estimates are consistent with those from previous seasons, ranging from 40%-60% when influenza vaccines were antigenically matched to circulating viruses. CDC recommends that health care providers continue to administer influenza vaccine to persons aged ≥6 months because influenza activity is ongoing, and the vaccine can still prevent illness, hospitalization, and death associated with currently circulating influenza viruses as well as other influenza viruses that might circulate later in the season.

Hines E, Reid CE. Hurricane Harvey hospital flood impacts: accuracy of Federal Emergency Management Agency flood hazard areas in Harris County, Texas.  Am J Public Health. 2020 Feb 20:e1-e6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305520. [Epub ahead of print]
OBJECTICS: To compare the flood impacts experienced by Harris County, Texas, hospitals with Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) flood hazard areas and Hurricane Harvey's inundation boundary.
METHODS: One year following Hurricane Harvey, we created a novel data set of Hurricane Harvey's flood impacts in Harris County hospitals. We then mapped 
the hospital flood impact data in ArcGIS alongside FEMA flood hazard areas and Hurricane Harvey's inundation boundary to classify each hospital's location in high flood-risk areas and in areas purportedly affected by Hurricane Harvey.
RESULTS: Of the 66 hospitals for which flood impact information was ascertained, 16 (24%) hospitals experienced flood impacts during Hurricane Harvey. Of these 16 hospitals, 5 (31%) were located outside a FEMA flood hazard area and 8 (50%) were located outside Hurricane Harvey's inundation boundary.
CONCLUSIONS: FEMA flood hazard areas did not accurately predict all areas of Harris County, Texas, that flooded during Hurricane Harvey or which hospitals experienced flood impacts. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print February 20, 2020: e1-e6. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305520).

L Harris J, Webb V, J Sacco S, L Pomeranz J. Marketing to children in supermarkets: an opportunity for public policy to improve children's diets. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 17;17(4). pii: E1284. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17041284.
Public health experts worldwide are calling for a reduction of the marketing of nutrient-poor food and beverages to children. However, industry self-regulation and most government policies do not address in-store marketing, including shelf placement and retail promotions. This paper reports two U.S.-based studies examining the prevalence and potential impact of in-store marketing for nutrient-poor child-targeted products. Study 1 compares the in-store marketing of children's breakfast cereals with the marketing of other (family/adult) cereals, including shelf space allocation and placement, special displays and promotions, using a national audit of U.S. supermarkets. Child-targeted cereals received more shelf space, middle- and lower-shelf placements, special displays, and promotions compared with other cereals. Study 2 compares the proportion of product sales associated with in-store displays and promotions for child-targeted versus other fruit drinks/juices, using syndicated sales data. A higher proportion of child-targeted drink sales were associated with displays and promotions than sales of other drinks. In both categories, the results were due primarily to major company products. Although in-store marketing of child-targeted products likely appeals to both children and parents, these practices encourage children's consumption of nutrient-poor food and drinks. If companies will not voluntarily address in-store marketing to children, government policy options are available to limit the marketing of unhealthy foods in the supermarket.

Rajan SS, Roy D, Delgado R. Factors associated with childhood vaccination adherence in kindergartens of the Houston Independent School District. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2020 Mar/Apr;26(2):131-138. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000001093.
OBJECTIVE: Adequate childhood vaccination rates are crucial for successful control of infectious diseases. Nevertheless, exemption requests, lack of health care access and information and other barriers can reduce vaccination adherence rates and increase the risk of epidemics. This study aimed to identify factors associated with kindergarten vaccination adherence in the Houston Independent School District (HISD).
DESIGN AND SETTING: This study was a retrospective observational data analysis. The study used data from 155 elementary schools of the HISD. 
The data sets included were (1) Elementary School Profile Reports (2015-2016) and (2) Annual Report of Immunization Status (2016-2017). Logistic regression was used to examine the association between vaccination adherence in schools and the school's student demographic and economic profile, student behavior indicators, teacher profile, and school rank.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: A binary variable measuring adequate vaccination adherence rates in schools is the main outcome variable.
RESULTS: Lower vaccination adherence among the kindergarten students was associated with higher enrollment, a higher percentage of African American students and students with English as second language, and a lower percentage of gifted/talented students in the schools.
CONCLUSIONS: The school characteristics that were found to be significantly associated with kindergarten student vaccination adherence in this study are 
the ones that have historically been associated with socioeconomic determinants of health and socioeconomic privilege. Hence, the findings of this study suggest the need for development of policies and interventions that can help overcome the barriers associated with low socioeconomic status, language, and marginalization in order to improve vaccination rates in school districts. These include culturally appropriate polices and health promotion, patient navigation, and educational interventions that can overcome the challenges faced by socially and economically vulnerable minorities and immigrant communities in order to improve vaccination rates.

*Employees may email the Medical and Research Library at library@dshs.texas.gov, call 512-776-7559, or visit Moreton Building, 1100 W. 49th St., Room M-652, Austin, TX, 78756 to borrow library materials, receive research assistance, learn to access electronic materials, or to obtain full-text of the articles mentioned in this month's news. If you are not located on the main campus in Austin, simply let us know what you would like to borrow, and we will mail it to you.

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Last updated March 5, 2020