Prevention: Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF)

Strategic Prevention Framework Theoretical Background

The purpose of the strategic prevention framework is to build the capacity of States, tribes, Territories, and communities to decrease substance use and abuse, promote mental health, and reduce disability, comorbidity, and relapse related to mental and substance use conditions.

The Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) implements the following five-step process:

  1. Conduct a community needs assessment
  2. Mobilize and/or build capacity
  3. Develop a comprehensive strategic plan
  4. Implement evidence-based prevention programs and infrastructure development activities
  5. Monitor process, evaluate effectiveness

The SPF approach to prevention supports the President’s vision of a Healthier U.S. in States, tribes, Territories, and communities.

Supported by more than $521 million in SAMHSA funding in 2004, the new Strategic Prevention Framework sets into place a systematic process that empowers communities to identify and implement the most effective prevention efforts for their specific needs. It also includes feedback to ensure accountability and effectiveness of the program effort.

SAMHSA’s State Incentive Grants program is the foundation of the Strategic Prevention Framework, providing funds to States and territories to promote partnership development. SAMHSA is providing $47.8 million in new capacity expansion grants to assist States in carrying out services, infrastructure and best practices efforts, with an emphasis on the prevention of underage drinking.


Substance Abuse Prevention


Last updated November 1, 2016